Native Plant Trust

Chamerion angustifolium

fireweed (Epilobium)

Fireweed is a pioneer species that naturally spreads quickly by seeds and rhizomes. Leaves are spirally arranged along the stem, and bright flowers adorn terminal clusters in late summer. It prefers moist, rich soils, and makes a great replacement for the invasive purple loosestrife now so common in our swales and wetlands.

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Height: 2-4 ft
Spread: 2-3 ft
Hardiness Zone: 2-8

Characteristics & Attributes

Cultivation Status
Part Shade
Soil Moisture
(83) Eastern Great Lakes Lowlands
(59) Northeastern Coastal Zone
(84) Atlantic Coastal Pine Barrens
(82) Acadian Plains and Hills
(58) Northeastern Highlands
Ornamental Interest
Summer Bloom
Attracts Wildlife
Host Plant
Attracts Bees
Attracts Butterflies
Pollinator Powerhouse Plant
Additional Attributes
Low Maintenance

North American Distribution

fireweed - Chamerion angustifolium from Native Plant Trust
fireweed - Chamerion angustifolium from Native Plant Trust