Native Plant Trust

Fragaria virginiana

wild strawberry

Wild strawberry is a low-growing, fast-spreading native perennial strawberry vigorous enough to cover ground and suppress the establishment of invasive species in even the worst soils, though it ideally prefers sandy loams. It serves as a great alternative to lawn, tolerating foot traffic and responding well to the occasional mow. Grower beware: its vigor can also manifest as aggression, so this plant should be kept out of garden beds saved for more delicate low-growing perennials. White flowers bloom in spring and fruits appear in the early to mid-summer, very tasty. The plant spreads indefinitely by runners (stolons) which spread along the ground and root to form new plants. Plant as a ground cover, for erosion control, and/or to support wildlife.

In the wild:
Fragaria virginiana is commonly found growing in disturbed habitats, meadows, and on the shores of rivers and lakes.

According to the Biota of North America Program (BONAP) Atlas, Fragaria virginiana is documented as occurring naturally in all US states. Its distribution is documented here. The color key is located here

Faunal associates:
Fragaria virginiana supports 75 different species of butterflies and moths (Lepidopterans) throughout their life cycles, supplying food for caterpillars and nectar for adult insects. It also supports numerous [other types of insects], and the fruits attract chipmunks, squirrels, and birds. Its flowers are accessible to short-tongued bees.

Easily mistaken for:
Fragaria vesca, the woodland strawberry. See GoBotany for details on how to identify both.

Additional resources:
Missourri Botanical Garden PlantFinder Profile
USDA Plants Profile

Return to Plant Search Home

Height: 2-5 in
Spread: 12-24 in
Hardiness Zone: 3-9

Bloom Color: White

Characteristics & Attributes

Cultivation Status
Part Shade
Soil Moisture
(58) Northeastern Highlands
(83) Eastern Great Lakes Lowlands
(59) Northeastern Coastal Zone
(84) Atlantic Coastal Pine Barrens
(82) Acadian Plains and Hills
Ornamental Interest
Summer Fruit
Spring Bloom
Attracts Wildlife
Host Plant
Pollinator Powerhouse Plant
Other Pollinators/Wildlife
Attracts Songbirds
Attracts Bees
Deer/Rabbit Resistant
Urban Environment
Drought Tolerant
Additional Attributes
Low Maintenance
Landscape Use
Rain Garden
Attractive Fall Foliage and/or Ornamental Fruit
Red Fruit
Growth Habit

North American Distribution

wild strawberry - Fragaria virginiana from Native Plant Trust
wild strawberry - Fragaria virginiana from Native Plant Trust
wild strawberry - Fragaria virginiana from Native Plant Trust
wild strawberry - Fragaria virginiana from Native Plant Trust